Contents

Figures vi
Tables ix
Acknowledgements x
Foreword xi
Part 1: The Dissolution of Hyde Abbey and the Aftermath 1
Chapter 1: The Dissolution of Hyde Abbey 3
The establishment of Hyde Abbey in 1110 3
Landownership in Hyde 7
Monastic rise and downfall 9
The disposal of Hyde Abbey’s lands 13
Wriothesley and his descendents 21
Conclusion 24
Chapter 2: Papacy and Plots 25
Hyde in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries 25
The Bethell family at Hyde Abbey Farm 1546-1592 28
The Clerke family at Hyde Abbey Farm 1592-1693 35
Walter and Thomas Chaundler at Abbots Barton c1540-1564 39
Roger and Mabel Corham at Abbots Barton 1564-1615 41
George & Thomas Chaundler at Abbots Barton 1615-1650 43
Ownership in Hyde Street 44
Conclusion 46
Part 2: The Agricultural Revolution, the Knights and the Duke 47
Chapter 3: Custodians of Abbots Barton and Hyde Abbey Estates 49
Abbots Barton and the Mynnes, Lewkenors and Martins 49
Abbots Barton and the Knights 57
Hyde Abbey and the Duke 62
Reunification of the Abbey farms and the end of the Knights’ ownership 66
Conclusion 71
Chapter 4: Abbots Barton and Hyde Abbey Farms 72
Farming at Abbots Barton in the eighteenth century 72
Hop production 76
Water Meadows 79
Abbots Barton and Hyde Abbey Farms 87
Sale of the Abbey site, its farm and Abbots Barton 103
Conclusion 105
Chapter 5: Hyde Street in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries 106
Turnpikes 106
Hyde Street 109
Education 116
Reform 119
Industry 125
Conclusion 132
Part 3: The Making of the Modern Suburb 133
Chapter 6: William Simonds, the farmer 135
The law suit 135
The coming of the railway 138
Early land releases 142
Hyde Street 145
The brewery and the Simonds 149
The death of William Simonds 156
Conclusion 157
Chapter 7: William Barrow Simonds, the developer 158
The Simonds’ family 158
The decline in agriculture and the fragmentation of Abbots Barton Farm 161
The Old Hop Garden Development 167
The Limekilns Development 171
The Gallows Hill Development: Park Road West 173
The Gallows Hill Development: Park Road East 176
Worthy Road Development 183
Conclusion 185
Chapter 8: Suburban Estates for the Mass Market 187
The house building process 187
The closure of the Bridewell 190
North Walls and the Refuge 194
Hyde Abbey Road 196
Eagles Field Estate 201
Conygary Estate 208
The Oxlease Estate 214
Other developments 218
Conclusion 220
Chapter 9: Barrow Simonds’ Hyde – then and now 222
Hyde Street 222
The breweries 227
House ownership in 1912 233
Hyde 2012 235
Nine hundred years of changing ownership 240
Appendix 245
Endnotes 249
References 270
Index 278